The Udawalawe National Park was designated and established as the fifth national park of Sri Lanka on the 30th of June, 1972. This officially designated the Udawalawe region as a national park in addition to a wildlife sanctuary under the Fauna and Flora Protection ordinance of Sri Lanka.The water reservoir of Udawalawe National Park, encompassing a total surface area of nearly 3,500 hectares, is the largest reservoir in the vicinity and it is referred to as the “Walawe reservoir”.
The total area of Udawalawe National Park is almost 31,000 hectares and this makes the park one of the most expansive parks in the island. The most common type of environment witnessed in Udawalawe is the dry grassland and scrubland. Extensive regions of tall grass, scrubs, as well as trees are common sights at Udawalawe. These are the most favourite environment conditions of the elephants at Udawalawe for a substantial portion of the year. Even though grasslands, scrublands, and similar types of plains are predominantly witnessed in the park, mountainous and rocky areas are also not uncommon.
Sri Lankan elephants at Udawalawe can be even seen during the afternoon and the high probability of experiencing the glorious creature in its natural habitat is one of the most attractive features of the park. Multiple elephants or even herds of elephants can be spotted at Udawalawe occasionally. The chances of witnessing a herd of Sri Lankan elephants is extremely high near rivers and the reservoir of Udawalawe. The dry season of the region is the ideal time in the year to visit Udawalawe and this particular season usually occurs between the months of May and September.
Moreover, the journey from Colombo or other major cities in the Western Province of Sri Lanka long but not too tiresome. Furthermore, the surrounding areas of Udawalawe is filled to the brim with other illustrious attractions and tourist destinations. For example, the Wavulpane Limestone caves, the hot wells, as well as the Elephant Transit Home are all present in the vicinity of the Udawalawe National Park. These factors contribute to the enhancement of the overall brilliance and significance of Udawalawe as one of the premier tourist destinations of Sri Lanka.